Plant Elements

Plant Elements Plant Pigments Plant pigments, also known as biochromes, are compounds that absorb specific light wavelengths and “give” plants, fruits, and vegetables their colors. The most common plant pigments are chlorophyll, carotenoids, flavonoids, and betalains with chlorophyll being the most important pigment. Apart from giving color to the plant, pigments also influence photosynthesis and development. Carotenoids Carotenoids are pigments that absorb violet-green light and cause fruits and vegetables to have a red, orange, or

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